GLE Compilation Guide
This tutorial explains how to compile GLE from its source code using the GCC compiler. The tutorial covers compilation on the following operation systems:
Instructions relevant to a particular OS are marked with the corresponding icon.
Please feel free to contact the GLE mailing list if you experience any problems while compiling GLE. Also, please contact the list if you find that some information on this page is outdated, incorrect, or missing.
|To compile GLE on Windows with GCC, you need a Windows port of GCC, "make", and other Unix-like tools. There are two options: MinGW/MSYS and Cygwin. GLE compiles fine with both systems. In this tutorial I will focus on Cygwin. Download Cygwin's "Setup.exe" from this location and double click it in Explorer. This will guide you through Cygwin's installation process. After asking you, among others, to select a download mirror, Cygwin's setup will show you a list with all software packages that can be installed. It is best to keep all packages that are selected by default. In addition, make sure that the following packages are selected:
|To compile GLE on Linux with GCC, you need the GNU build tools GCC and "make". In many cases, these are installed by default. To find out, enter the command "g++ --version" in a terminal window ("Gnome Terminal" on Gnome, or "Konsole" on KDE). If this prints "bash: g++: command not found", then GCC is not installed. Try the same with "make". If GCC or make is missing, then check your Linux distribution's software package repository and install the packages for "g++", "gcc", "make", and "libc-devel". On Ubuntu, all these packages can be installed at once with the command "sudo apt-get install build-essential".|
|To compile GLE on MacOS/X with GCC, you need the "Developer Tools", which are also known as the "Xcode" package, installed. These should be available on your OS/X DVD. To test that these tools are correctly installed, open Terminal and enter the command "g++ --version". If this prints "bash: g++: command not found", then the Developer Tools are not installed.|
I'm using the following versions of GCC and make (newer versions also work):
[~]$ g++ --version g++ (GCC) 3.3.5 (Debian 1:3.3.5-13) Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. [~]$ make --version GNU Make 3.80 Copyright (C) 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Note that "[~]$" is my command prompt. The command prompt on your system might appear different. Only type the part that comes after the prompt. I.e., type "g++ --version" and then press enter and next type "make --version" and press enter. In the following, I assume basic familiarity with Bash and simple Unix commands.
Optional Software Packages
This section lists a number of software packages that are optional, but recomended. That is, GLE will compile without these packages, but it will lack certain features.
- The QT library is required to build QGLE, GLE's graphical user interface. QGLE requires at least Qt version 4.1.1.
- The following bitmap graphics libraries are required by GLE's "bitmap" command:
- GhostScript is required by QGLE. It is also required by GLE to be able to generate PDF, PNG, and JPEG output. GhostScript is only needed at runtime; it is not required to compile GLE's source code.
- LaTeX is required if you plan to use LaTeX labels (e.g, mathematical formulae) in your GLE scripts. LaTeX is only needed at runtime; it is not required to compile GLE's source code.
On Windows you obtain the optional software packages as follows:
The optional software packages should all be included in your Linux distribution's package repository. You should be able to find and install them by searching the repository for the package names (i.e., "qt4", "libtiff", "libpng", ...). If, for a given package, a version is available with "devel" or "dev" in the name, then install that version. The "devel" packages typically include the "C" header files of the library, which are required to compile GLE.
QGLE requires Ghostscript to be installed as a library named "libgs.so" (the actual name may include a version number). Normally this file should be part of GhostScript. If your distribution does not include "libgs.so" in its GhostScript package, then download gs8.54-linux.zip and extract it in your home directory, or somewhere under "/usr/index.html" (as root). This ZIP file contains a GhostScript binary that includes "libgs.so".
Ghostscript should be compiled and installed as a framework and it should include the "display" device to work with QGLE. Install Ghostscript as explained in these instructions.
Install the Qt Open Source Edition for C++ Developers for Mac from TrollTech. It is best to download and install a binary distribution in .dmg format. Alternativaly, you can also install Qt by compiling its source code, but this may take some time. The following are compilation instructions for the case that you've downloaded the source code. Optionally, you may want to add "-prefix $HOME/apps" to the "./configure" call to install Qt in your home directory instead of system-wide. In that case you also don't need to include the "sudo".
Download and Unzip GLEYou can either download and install a stable source code package or install GLE's development source from its GIT repository.
Download and Unzip the Source Code
This section shows how to install a stable source code package.
Download GLE's source code archive gle-graphics-x.y.z-src.tar.gz (with x.y.z the version number) from the download page and save it to your home directory. This tutorial assumes that you have GLE ≥ 4.2.x. Open a terminal or console window and extract the archive using the following commands.
[~]$ cd [~]$ tar -xvzf gle-graphics-x.y.z-src.tar.gz gle-graphics-x.y.z/configure gle-graphics-x.y.z/README.txt gle-graphics-x.y.z/LICENSE.txt ...
The untar command above should have extracted GLE to a subfolder of your home directory called "gle-graphics-x.y.z".
Download the GIT Version
Alternatively, you can install GLE from its development GIT repository. You can skip this step if you chose to install a stable source code package and followed the instructions from the previous paragraph.
[~]$ cd [~]$ git clone git://git.code.sf.net/p/glx/gle gle [~]$ cd gle [~]$ aclocal [~]$ autoconf
More information about the GLE GIT repositories can be found on the GLE GIT page.
Once you have a checkout from the GIT repository you can update it later as follows. For more information, please consult the GIT documentation.
[~]$ cd [~]$ cd gle [~]$ git pull
Configure GLE's Source Code
Next we have to configure GLE's source code. During this step, various compilation options for GLE can be set. In many cases, however, the defaults should be fine. To configure GLE using the default settings, run the "configure" script in the "gle-graphics-x.y.z" directory as follows.
[~]$ cd gle-graphics-x.y.z/ [~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ ./configure
On Windows, the default is to build a Cygwin executable. In order to create a native Windows executable, which can run on non-Cygwin systems, add the configure option "--with-win32=yes". This option is also required if you wish to build QGLE. If you downloaded the bitmap libraries mentioned above (bitmap-win32-vx.y.zip) then you indicate this with the option "--with-gnuwin32=c:/Devel/bitmap-win32", and if you have Qt installed, then you add "--with-qt=c:/Devel/Qt4".
On Linux and MacOS/X, the default is to install GLE system wide in /usr/bin (for all users). You will need the root password of your system to do this. Alternatively, you may wish to install GLE in your home directory. To do so, use the "--prefix" option of configure as follows.
If you have installed Qt in a non-standard location, then also add a ./configure option for Qt as follows (using $HOME/apps as an example):
The output of configure should look similar to this:
checking for g++... g++ checking for C++ compiler default output file name... a.out checking whether the C++ compiler works... yes checking whether we are cross compiling... no checking for suffix of executables... checking for suffix of object files... o checking whether we are using the GNU C++ compiler... yes checking whether g++ accepts -g... yes checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c checking for a thread-safe mkdir -p... /bin/mkdir -p checking build system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu checking host system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu checking how to run the C++ preprocessor... g++ -E checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grep checking for egrep... /bin/grep -E checking for ANSI C header files... yes checking for sys/types.h... yes checking for sys/stat.h... yes checking for stdlib.h... yes checking for string.h... yes checking for memory.h... yes checking for strings.h... yes checking for inttypes.h... yes checking for stdint.h... yes checking for unistd.h... yes checking sys/param.h usability... yes checking sys/param.h presence... yes checking for sys/param.h... yes checking whether byte ordering is bigendian... no checking for uint16_t... yes checking for pkg-config... /usr/bin/pkg-config checking pkg-config is at least version 0.9.0... yes checking for X... libraries , headers checking for XOpenDisplay in -lX11... yes checking for deflate in -lz... yes checking for library containing socket... none required checking for library containing gethostbyname... none required checking for jpeg_destroy_decompress in -ljpeg... yes checking jpeglib.h usability... yes checking jpeglib.h presence... yes checking for jpeglib.h... yes checking for TIFFReadScanline in -ltiff... yes checking tiffio.h usability... yes checking tiffio.h presence... yes checking for tiffio.h... yes checking for libpng... yes checking for cairo... yes cairo CFLAGS: -I/usr/include/cairo -I/usr/include/pixman-1 -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng12 cairo LIBS: -lcairo checking for qmake-qt4... /usr/lib/qt4/bin/qmake-qt4 checking for library containing dlopen... -ldl checking for library containing wbkgdset... -lncurses checking ncurses.h usability... yes checking ncurses.h presence... yes checking for ncurses.h... yes configure: creating ./config.status config.status: creating Makefile config.status: creating src/gle/Makefile config.status: creating src/gle/bitmap/Makefile config.status: creating src/gle/letzfitz/Makefile config.status: creating src/gle/surface/Makefile config.status: creating src/gle/tokens/Makefile config.status: creating src/fbuild/Makefile config.status: creating src/makefmt/Makefile config.status: creating src/manip/Makefile config.status: creating src/TeX/Makefile config.status: creating src/gui/MakefileAC config.status: creating src/gui/qgle.pro config.status: creating src/doc/gle.1 config.status: creating platform/autoconf/gle-graphics.pc config.status: creating platform/autopackage/gle4.apspec config.status: creating src/config.h CPPFLAGS: -DHAVE_CONFIG_H $(VERSION_INFO) -I/usr/include/cairo -I/usr/include/pixman-1 -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng12 -I/usr/include/libpng12 LDFLAGS: -L. LIBS: -lcairo -lpng12 -ltiff -ljpeg -lz -lX11 ** Configuration summary for GLE x.y.z (i686-pc-linux-gnu): ** Bitmap support: PNG support: yes TIFF support: yes JPEG support: yes Statically link: no ** X11 preview support: yes ** Cairo graphics support: yes ** Socket support: yes ** Include 'manip' utility: yes ** Debug mode: off ** GLE GUI support: yes (Qt4 version: 4.5.2) ** Install data into: /usr/share/gle-graphics/x.y.z ** Install binary into: /usr/bin (use ./configure --prefix=dir to change the installation directory.) GLE x.y.z has been configured. The next step is to run "make". After "make" completes, run "make install" to install GLE.
If you see some error messages instead, please contact the GLE mailing list. I will try to list the most common problems here based on your feedback.
- If you see "no" for some of the bitmap options, then you may want to install the development packages that implement PNG, TIFF and JPEG support: libpng-devel, libtiff-devel and libjpeg-devel. Note that GLE will also work without these, but you will not be able to use the "bitmap" command. See the "Optional Software Packages" section at the top of this page for more information.
If you see "GLE GUI support: no" in the output, then Qt was not found and QGLE will not be built. If you want to build QGLE, then install Qt as described in the section "Optional Software Packages" above. Then re-run "./configure" and add the option "--with-qt=/path/to/Qt". Make sure to replace "/path/to/Qt/index.html" with the location where you installed Qt. For example, if the "qmake" program is in "/usr/local/qt4/bin/index.html", then you should use "--with-qt=/usr/local/qt4". If you have installed Qt by compiling the source code and used the prefix $HOME/apps, then use "--with-qt=$HOME/apps" instead. After this step, the output should include "GLE GUI support: yes". On my system, the output includes:
** GLE GUI support: yes Using Qt version 4.4.3 in /home/jan/apps/lib
- If the output includes "./configure: line ....: PKG_PROG_PKG_CONFIG: command not found", then you have to install the pkg-config tool. After installing pkg-config, you have to run "aclocal", "autoconf", and "./configure" again to fix this issue.
Compile GLE's Source Code
Next enter the command "make" to compile GLE. This is the output on my system.
[~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ make mkdir -p build mkdir -p build/bin mkdir -p build/lib make -C src/gle make: Entering directory `/home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/src/gle' g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -D__GLEVN__="\"x.y.z\"" -Wreturn-type -I/usr/X11R6/include -c -o cutils.o cutils.cpp g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -D__GLEVN__="\"x.y.z\"" -Wreturn-type -I/usr/X11R6/include -c -o file_io.o file_io.cpp g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -D__GLEVN__="\"x.y.z\"" -Wreturn-type -I/usr/X11R6/include setrelpath.cpp cutils.o file_io.o -o ../../build/bin/setrelpath ../../build/bin/setrelpath /home/jan/apps/bin /home/jan/apps/share/gle/x.y.z ../config.h Binary: "/home/jan/apps/bin/index.html" GLE_TOP: "/home/jan/apps/share/gle/x.y.z" Relative: "1" Path: "share/gle/x.y.z" g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -D__GLEVN__="\"x.y.z\"" -Wreturn-type -I/usr/X11R6/include -c -o gle.o gle.cpp **SNIP** ... **SNIP** [texcmssi.afm]==>[texcmssi.fmt] ../../build/bin/makefmt texcmsy.afm [texcmsy.afm]==>[texcmsy.fmt] ../../build/bin/makefmt texcmti.afm [texcmti.afm]==>[texcmti.fmt] ../../build/bin/makefmt texcmtt.afm [texcmtt.afm]==>[texcmtt.fmt] mkdir -p ../../build/font cp *.fve *.fmt ../../build/font cp font.dat ../../build/font cp psfont.dat ../../build/font touch movefonts make: Leaving directory `/home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/src/fonts' make -C src/lib -f Makefile.gcc make: Entering directory `/home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/src/lib' mkdir -p ../../build/lib cp *.gle ../../build/lib/ make: Leaving directory `/home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/src/lib' make -C src/TeX make: Entering directory `/home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/src/TeX' cp init.tex ../../build/ ../../build/bin/gle -mkinittex GLE x.y.z [/home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/build/init.tex]-C-R- If GLE says 'Saving definitions', then compilation was successful. >> /home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/build/init.tex (629) |end text| Saving definitions make: Leaving directory `/home/jan/gle-graphics-x.y.z/src/TeX' ********************************************************** Type "make install" to install GLE x.y.z Install data into: /usr/share/gle-graphics/x.y.z Install library into: /usr/lib Install binary into: /usr/bin **********************************************************
Find Software Dependencies (Optional)
Next enter the command "make finddeps" to make GLE search for installed software such as Ghostscript and LaTeX. This is the output on my system.
[~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ make finddeps ./build/bin/gle -finddeps Running GLE -finddeps "" to locate installed software (e.g., Ghostscript and LaTeX): ........................ Found: pdflatex in '/usr/bin/pdflatex/index.html' Found: latex in '/usr/bin/latex/index.html' Found: dvips in '/usr/bin/dvips/index.html' Found: ghostscript in '/usr/bin/gs/index.html' Save configuration to: '/home/jan/gle_graphics_xyz/build/glerc/index.html'
If you have installed the Ghostscript framework, double check that the output includes:
Build the Documentation (Optional)
Next enter the command "make doc" to build the GLE reference manual in PDF format. This step is optional and requires that "pdflatex" is installed.
[~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ make doc
Next enter the command "make install" to install GLE. If you are installing system-wide, then you should enter "su" before running "make install" to install GLE as root, or run "sudo make install" on systems that do not support "su". This is the output on my system.
[~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ make install /bin/mkdir -p /usr/share/gle-graphics/x.y.z /bin/mkdir -p /usr/bin /bin/mkdir -p /usr/share/man/man1 /bin/mkdir -p /usr/share/doc/gle-graphics /bin/mkdir -p /usr/lib/pkgconfig /usr/bin/install -c -m 644 build/glerc /usr/share/gle-graphics/x.y.z /usr/bin/install -c -m 644 build/inittex.ini /usr/share/gle-graphics/x.y.z **SNIP** ... **SNIP** /usr/bin/install -c -m 755 build/bin/manip* /usr/bin/ /usr/bin/install -c -m 755 build/bin/qgle /usr/bin/ **************************************************************** QGLE has been installed in: /usr/bin **************************************************************** **************************************************************** GLE x.y.z has been installed You can use GLE now by entering the command "gle" (Provided that /usr/bin is in your PATH.) ****************************************************************
GLE should now be ready to use. Enter the command "gle" in your terminal to test it.
[~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ gle GLE version x.y.z Usage: gle [options] filename.gle More information: gle -help
GLE should respond as in the example above. If you instead get the message "bash: gle: command not found", then the directory containing the "gle" executable is not in your system's search path. This is what happens if you have installed GLE in your home directory and "$HOME/apps/bin" is not in your path.
To fix this, enter "export PATH=$HOME/apps/bin:$PATH" and try again. Add this line to your "~/.bash_profile" file to make it permanent. Note: if this does not work, you can always start GLE using the full path, e.g., by entering the command "$HOME/apps/bin/gle".
Install the Additional Fonts
Some of GLE's fonts (mainly plotter fonts) are distributed as a separate package called gle-graphics-extrafonts-x.y.tar.gz, with x.y the version number of the fonts package (this is different from the version number of GLE's source code archive). To install these, you need to download this package and extract it in the GLE source code folder before compiling GLE. In addition, you add the option "--with-extrafonts=yes" to the configure command.
[~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ tar -xvzf $HOME/gle-graphics-extrafonts-x.y.tar.gz [~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ ./configure --with-extrafonts=yes [~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ make clean [~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ make doc [~/gle-graphics-x.y.z]$ make install
These commands assume that you already extracted the GLE source code and that you downloaded gle-graphics-extrafonts-x.y.tar.gz and saved it into your home directory.
Running GLE is covered in the following documents:
- Windows Installation Guide & Tutorial.
- Linux Installation Guide & Tutorial.
- Mac OS/X Installation Guide & Tutorial.
- The GLE Reference Manual.
Please feel free to contact the GLE mailing list if you have any questions or feedback regarding this compilation guide.